Cochlear Implants for Children

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016a). Code of ethics [Ethics]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016b). Scope of practice in speech-language pathology [Scope of practice]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2018). Scope of practice in audiology [Scope of practice]. Available from

Brown, K. D., & Balkany, T. J. (2007). Benefits of bilateral cochlear implantation: A review. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 15, 315–318.

Cosetti, M. K., & Walztman, S. B. (2012). Outcomes in cochlear implantation: Variables affecting performance in adults and children. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 45, 155–171.

Geers, A. E., Strube, M. J., Tobey, E. A., Pisoni, D. B., & Moog, J. S. (2010). Epilogue: Factors contributing to long-term outcomes of cochlear implantation in early childhood. Ear and Hearing, 32, 84S–92S.

Lammers, M. J. W., van der Heijden, G. J. M. G., Pourier, V. E. C., & Grolman, W. (2014). Bilateral cochlear implantation in children: A systematic review and best evidence synthesis. Laryngoscope, 124, 1694–1699.

López-Torrijo, M., Mengual-Andrés, S., & Estellés-Ferrer, R. (2015). Clinical and logopaedic results of simultaneous and sequential bilateral implants in children with severe and/or profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss: A literature review. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 79, 786–792.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2016). NIDCD fact sheet: Cochlear implants [NIH Pub. No. 00-4798]. Retrieved from

Sharma, A., & Campbell, J. (2011). A sensitive period for cochlear implantation in deaf children. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 24, 151–153.

World Health Organization. (2001). International classification of functioning, disability and health. Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

Content Disclaimer: The Practice Portal, ASHA policy documents, and guidelines contain information for use in all settings; however, members must consider all applicable local, state and federal requirements when applying the information in their specific work setting.