Albert, M. L., Sparks, R. W., & Helm, N. A. (1973). Melodic intonation therapy for aphasia. Archives of Neurology, 29, 130–131.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016a). Code of ethics [Ethics]. Available from
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016b). Scope of practice in speech-language pathology [Scope of practice]. Available from
Avent, J., & Austermann, S. (2003). Reciprocal scaffolding: A context for communication treatment in aphasia. Aphasiology, 17, 397–404.
Berg, A., Palomäki H., Lehtihalmes M., Lönnqvist J., & Kaste, M. (2003). Poststroke depression: An 18 month follow up. Stroke, 34, 138–143.
Beukelman, D. R., & Mirenda, P. (2013). Augmentative and alternative communication: Supporting children and adults with complex communication needs. Baltimore, MD: Brookes.
Boyle, M. (2004). Semantic feature analysis treatment for anomia in two fluent aphasia syndromes.American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13, 236–249.
Chapey, R., Duchan, J. F., Elman, R. J., Garcia, L. J., Kagan, A., Lyon, J., & Simmons-Mackie, N. (2000, February). Life participation approach to aphasia: A statement of values for the future. The ASHA Leader, 5, 4–6.
Cherney, L. R. (1995). Efficacy of oral reading in the treatment of two patients with chronic Broca’s aphasia. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 2, 57–67.
Cherney, L. R. (2004). Aphasia, alexia, and oral reading. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 11, 22–36.
Cherney, L. R., Merbitz, C., & Grip, J. (1986). Efficacy of oral reading in aphasia treatment outcome. Rehabilitation Literature, 45, 112–119.
Darley, F. L., Aronson, A. E., & Brown, J. R. (1969). Differential diagnostic patterns of dysarthria. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 12, 246–269.
Davis, G. A. (2007). Aphasiology:Disorders and clinical practice (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Davis, G. A., & Wilcox, M. J. (1981). Incorporating parameters of natural conversation in aphasia treatment: PACE therapy. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language intervention strategies in adult aphasia (pp. 169–193). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Dickey, L., Kagan, A., Lindsay, M. P., Fang, J., Rowland, A., & Black, S. (2010). Incidence and profile of inpatient stroke-induced aphasia in Ontario, Canada. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91, 196–202.
Dietz, A., Knollman-Porter, K., Hux, K., Toth, K., & Brown, B. (2014). Supported reading comprehension for people with aphasia: Visual and linguistic supports. Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 21, 319–331.
Edmonds, L. A., & Babb, M. (2011). Effect of Verb Network Strengthening Treatment in moderate-to-severe aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 20, 131–145.
Edmonds, L. A., & Mizrahi, S. (2011). Online priming of verbs and thematic roles in younger and older adults. Aphasiology, 25,1488–1506.
Edmonds, L. A., Nadeau, S., & Kiran, S. (2009). Effect of Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) on lexical retrieval of content words in sentences in persons with aphasia. Aphasiology, 23, 402–424.
Ellis, C., & Urban, S. (2016). Age and aphasia: A review of presence, type, recovery and clinical outcomes. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 23, 430–439.
Elman, R. J., & Bernstein-Ellis, E. (1999). The efficacy of group communication treatment in adults with chronic aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 4, 411–419.
Engelter, S. T., Gostynski, M., Papa, S., Frei, M., Born, C., Ajdacic-Gross, V., . . . Lyrer, P. A. (2006). Epidemiology of aphasia attributable to first ischemic stroke: Incidence, severity, fluency, etiology, and thrombolysis. Stroke, 37, 1379–1384.
Garrett, K., & Beukelman, D. (1992). Augmentative approaches to treatment of severe aphasia. In K. Yorkston (Ed.), Augmentative communication in the medical setting. Tucson, AZ: Communication Skill Builders.
Goodglass, H., & Kaplan, E. (1972). The assessment of aphasia and related disorders. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger.
Helm-Estabrooks, N., Fitzpatrick, P. M., & Barresi, B. (1982). Visual action therapy for global aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 47, 385–389.
Helm-Estabrooks, N., & Nicholas, M. (2000). Sentence production program for aphasia. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Hier, D. B., Yoon, W. B., Mohr, J. P. & Price, T. R. (1994). Gender and aphasia in the stroke bank. Brain and Language, 47, 155–167.
Hilari, K., & Northcott, S. (2006). Social support in people with chronic aphasia. Aphasiology, 20, 1, 17–36.
Holland, A., Milman, L., Munoz, M., & Bays, G. (2002, June). Scripts in the management of aphasia.Paper presented at The World Federation of Neurology, Aphasia & Cognitive Disorders Section Meeting, Villefranche, France.
Hopper T., Holland A., & Rewega M. (2002). Conversational coaching: Treatment outcomes and future directions. Aphasiology, 16, 745–61.
Kagan, A., Black, S., Duchan, J., & Simmons-Mackie, N. (2001). Training volunteers as conversation partners using “Supported Conversation for Adults With Aphasia” (SCA): A controlled trial. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 624–638.
Kearns, K. P. (1986). Systematic programming of verbal elaboration skills in chronic Broca’s aphasia. In R. C. Marshall (Ed.), Case studies in aphasia rehabilitation (pp. 225–244). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Kim, M., & Russo, S. (2010). Multiple oral rereading (MOR) treatment: Who is it for? Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 37, 58–68.
Knollman-Porter, K., Brown, J., Hux, K., Wallace, S. E., & Uchtman, E. (2016). Preferred visuographic images to support reading by people with chronic aphasia. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 23, 269–275.
Laska, A. C., Hellblom, A., Murray, V., Kahan, T., & Von, A. M. (2001). Aphasia in acute stroke and relation to outcome. Journal of Internal Medicine, 249, 413–422.
Lyon, J. G. (1992). Communication use and participation in life for adults with aphasia in natural settings: The scope of the problem. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1, 7–14.
Maher, L. M., & Raymer, A. M. (2004). Management of anomia. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 11, 10–21.
Marcotte, K., Adrover-Roig, D., Damien, B., de Préaumont, M., Généreux, S., Hubert, M., & Ansaldo, A. I. (2012). Therapy-induced neuroplasticity in chronic aphasia. Neuropsychologia, 50, 1776–1786.
Moyer, S. B. (1979). Rehabilitation of alexia: A case study. Cortex, 15, 139–144.
Murray, L. L., & Chapey, R. (2001). Assessment of language disorders in adults. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (pp. 55–126). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
National Aphasia Association. (n.d.). Aphasia FAQs. Retrieved from
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2015). NIDCD fact sheet: Aphasia [PDF] [NIH Pub. No. 97-4257]. Retrieved from
Norton, A., Zipse, L., Marchina, S., & Schlaug, G. (2009). Melodic intonation therapy: Shared insights on how it is done and why it might help. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1169, 431–436.
Payabvash, S., Kamalian, S., Fung, S., Wang, Y., Passanese, J., Kamalian, S., . . . Lev, M. H. (2010). Predicting language improvement in acute stroke patients presenting with aphasia: A multivariate logistic model using location-weighted atlas-based analysis of admission CT perfusion scans. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 31, 1661–1668.
Pedersen, P. M., Jorgensen, H. S., Nakayama, H., Raaschou, H. O., & Olsen, T. S. (1995). Aphasia in acute stroke: Incidence, determinants, and recovery. Annals of Neurology, 38, 659–666.
Pedersen, P. M., Vinter, K., & Olsen, T. S. (2004). Aphasia after stroke: Type, severity and prognosis. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 17, 35–43.
Plowman, E., Hentz, B., & Ellis, C. (2012). Post-stroke aphasia prognosis: A review of patient-related and stroke-related factors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 18, 689–694.
Pulvermüller, F., Neininger, B., Elbert, T., Mohr, B., Rockstroh, B., Koebbel, P., & Taub, E. (2001). Constraint-induced therapy of chronic aphasia after stroke. Stroke, 32, 1621–1626.
Raymer, A. M., Singletary, F., Rodriguez, A., Ciampitti, M., Heilman, K. M., & Rothi, L. J. (2006). Effects of gesture+verbal treatment for noun and verb retrieval in aphasia. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 12, 867–882.
Rodriguez, A. D., Raymer A. M., & Gonzalez Rothi, L. J. (2006). Effects of gesture+verbal and semantic-phonologic treatments for verb retrieval in aphasia. Aphasiology, 20, 286–297.
Rose, M. (2013). The emerging clarity of the roles of gesture in communication and interventions for people with aphasia [Editorial]. Aphasiology, 27, 1010–1014.
Rose, M., Mok, Z., & Sekine, K. (2017, March–April). Communicative effectiveness of pantomime gesture in people with aphasia. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 52, 227–237.
Rose, M. L., Raymer, A. M., Lanyon, L. E., & Attard, M. C. (2013). A systematic review of gesture treatments for post-stroke aphasia. Aphasiology, 27, 1090–1127.
Rose, T. A., Worrall, L. E., Hickson, L. M., & Hoffman, T. C. (2011). Aphasia friendly written health information: Content and design characteristics. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13, 335–347.
Rose, T. A., Worrall, L., & McKenna, K. (2003). The effectiveness of aphasia‐friendly principles for printed health education materials for people with aphasia following stroke. Aphasiology, 17, 947–963.
Simmons-Mackie, N., & Kagan, A. (2007). Application of the ICF in aphasia. Seminars in Speech and Language, 28, 244–253.
Taub, E., Miller, N. E., Novack, T. A., Cook, E. W., Fleming, W. C., Nepomuceno, C. S. . . . Crago, J. E. (1993). Technique to improve chronic motor deficit after stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 74, 347–354.
Taub, E., & Wolf, S. L. (1997). Constraint-induced movement techniques to facilitate upper extremity use in stroke patients. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 3, 38–61.
Thompson, C., & Shapiro, L. (2005). Treating agrammatic aphasia within a linguistic framework: Treatment of underlying forms. Aphasiology, 19, 1021–1036.
Thoonen, G., Maassen, B., Wit, J., Gabreëls, F., & Schreuder, R. (1996). The integrated use of maximum performance tasks in differential diagnostic evaluations among children with motor speech disorders. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 10, 311–336.
Threats, T., & Worrall, L. (2004). Classifying communication disability using the ICF. Advances in Speech Language Pathology, 6, 53–62.
Tuomainen, J., & Laine, M. (1991). Multiple oral rereading technique in rehabilitation of pure alexia. Aphasiology, 5, 401–409.
Vickers, C. (2010). Social networks after the onset of aphasia: The impact of aphasia group attendance. Aphasiology, 24, 902–913.
Wambaugh, J. L., Doyle, P. J., Martinez, A. L., & Kalinyak-Fliszar, M. (2002). Effects of two lexical retrieval cueing treatments on action naming in aphasia. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 39, 455–466.
Webster, J., & Whitworth, A. (2012). Treating verbs in aphasia: Exploring the impact of therapy at the single word and sentence levels. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 47, 619–636.
World Health Organization. (2001). International classification of functioning, disability and health. Geneva, Switzerland: Author.