Balance System Disorders

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Dye, D. (2008, July/August). Vestibular rehabilitation: Rehabilitation options for patients with dizziness and imbalance. Access Audiology, 7. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/aud/articles/vestibularrehab/.

Epley, J. M. (1992). The canalith repositioning procedure: For treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 107, 399–404.

Fitzgerald, G., & Hallpike, C. S. (1942). Studies in human vestibular function: Observations on the directional preponderance ("nystagmusbereitschaft") of caloric nystagmus resulting from cerebral lesions. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 65, 115–137.

Formby, C., Kuntz, L. A., Rivera-Taylor, I. M., Rivera-Mraz, N., Weesner, D. R., Butler-Young, N. E., & Ahlers, A. E. (1992). Measurement, analysis, and modelling of the caloric response. 2. Evaluation of mental alerting tasks for measurement of caloric-induced nystagmus. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 112(Suppl. 498), 19–29.

Gioacchini, F. M., Alicandri-Ciufelli, M., Kaleci, S., Magliulo, G., & Re, M. (2014). Prevalence and diagnosis of vestibular disorders in children: A review. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 78, 718–724.

Graafmans, W. C., Ooms, M. E., Hofstee, H. M. A., Bezemer, P. D., Bouter, L. M., & Lips, P. (1996). Falls in the elderly: A prospective study of risk factors and risk profiles. American Journal of Epidemiology, 143, 1129–1136.

Guidetti, G., Monzani, D., & Rovatti, V. (2006). Clinical examination of labyrinthine-defective patients out of the vertigo attack: Sensitivity and specificity of three low-cost methods. Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica, 26, 96–101.

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Hoffman, R. M., Einstadter, D., & Kroenke, K. (1999). Evaluating dizziness. The American Journal of Medicine, 107, 468–478.

Hotson, J. R., & Baloh, R. W. (1998). Acute vestibular syndrome. The New England Journal of Medicine, 339, 680–685.

Humphriss, R. L., & Hall, A. J. (2011). Dizziness in 10-year old children: An epidemiological study. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 75, 395–400.

Hunt, W. T., Zimmerman, E. F., & Hilton, M. P. (2012). Modifications of the Epley manoeuvre for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(4), 1–41. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008675.pub2

Jacobson, G. P., Newman, C. W., & Safadi, I. (1990). Sensitivity and specificity of the head-shaking test for detecting vestibular system abnormalities. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 99, 539–542.

Jahn, K., Lahghagen, T., Schroeder, A., & Heinen, F. (2011). Vertigo and dizziness in childhood: Update on diagnosis and treatment. Neuropediatrics, 42, 129–134.

Janky, K. L., & Shepard, N. (2009). Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing: Normative threshold response curves and effects of age. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 20, 514–522.

Kattah, J. C., Talkad, A. V., Wang, D. Z., Hsieh, Y.-H., & Newman-Toker, D. E. (2009). HINTS to diagnose stroke in acute vestibular syndrome: Three-step bedside oculomotor examination more sensitive than early MRI diffusion-weighted imaging. Stroke, 40, 3504–3510.

Levo, H., Aalto, H., & Petteri Hirvonen, T. (2004). Nystagmus measured with video-oculography: Methodical aspects and normative data. ORL: Journal for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Its Related Specialties, 66, 101–104.

McCaslin, D. L., Jacobson, G. P., & Gruenwald, J. M. (2011). The predominant forms of vertigo in children and their associated findings on balance function testing. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 44, 291–307.

McCaslin, D. L., Jacobson, G. P., Lambert, W., English, L. N., & Kemph, A. J. (2015). The development of the vanderbilt pediatric dizziness handicap inventory for patient caregivers (DHI-PC). International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 79, 1662–1666.

McGinnis, P. Q., Nebbia, M., Saez, L., & Rudolph, K. (2009). Retrospective comparison of outcomes for patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo based on length of postural restrictions. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 32, 168–173.

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National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2014). NIDCD Fact sheet: Balance disorders [NIH Pub. No. 09-4374]. Retrieved from http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/staticresources/health/balance/NIDCD-Balance-Disorders.pdf [PDF].

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Neuhauser, H. K., von Brevern, M., Radtke, A., Lezius, F., Feldmann, M., Ziese, T., & Lempert, T. (2005). Epidemiology of vestibular vertigo: A neurotologic survey of the general population. Neurology, 65, 898–904.

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O'Reilly, R. C., Morlet, T., Nicholas, B. D., Josephson, G., Horlbeck, D., Lundy, L., & Mercado, A. (2010). Prevalence of vestibular and balance disorders in children. Otology & Neurotology, 31, 1441–1444.

Rine, R. M. (2009). Growing evidence for balance and vestibular problems in children. Audiological Medicine, 7, 138–142.

Rine, R. M., Braswell, J., Fisher, D., Joyce, K., Kalar, K., & Shaffer, M. (2004). Improvement of motor development and postural control following intervention in children with sensorineural hearing loss and vestibular impairment. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 68, 1141–1148.

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von Brevern, M., Radtke, A., Lezius, F., Feldmann, M., Ziese, T., Lempert, T., & Neuhauser, H. (2007). Epidemiology of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: A population based study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 78, 710–715.

Ward, B., Agrawal, Y., Hoffman, H., Carey, J., & Santina, C. (2013). Prevalence and impact of bilateral vestibular hypofunction: Results from the 2008 US National Health Interview Survey. JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, 139, 803–810.

Whitney, S. L., Marchetti, G. F., & Schade, A. I. (2006). The relationship between falls history and computerized dynamic posturography in persons with balance and vestibular disorders. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87, 402–407.

Wiener-Vacher, S. R. (2008). Vestibular disorders in children. International Journal of Audiology, 47, 578–583.

Zamyslowska-Szmytke, E., Szostek-Rogula, S., & Sliwinska-Kowalska, M. (2015). Bedside examination for vestibular screening in occupational medicine. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 28, 379–397.

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