Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

The scope of this page is the identification and treatment of orofacial myofunctional disorders.


See the Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders Evidence Map for summaries of the available research on this topic.  

Orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs) are patterns involving oral and orofacial musculature that interfere with normal growth, development, or function of orofacial structures, or call attention to themselves (Mason, n.d.A). OMDs can be found in children, adolescents, and adults. OMDs can co-occur with a variety of speech and swallowing disorders. OMD may reflect the interplay of learned behaviors, physical/structural variables, genetic and environmental factors (Maspero, Prevedello, Giannini, Galbiati, & Farronato, 2014).

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