Your Child's Communication: Kindergarten

[en Español]

By the end of kindergarten, your child should be able to do the following tasks in each area.


  • Follow 1–2 simple directions in a row.
  • Listen to and understand stories.
  • Follow a simple conversation


  • Speak clearly enough so that most people understand what they say.
  • Answer simple yes/no questions.
  • Answer questions like, "What did you have for lunch today?"
  • Retell a story or talk about something they did.
  • Take turns talking and keep a conversation going.
  • Show interest in and start conversations.


  • Know how a book works. For example, we read from left to right and top to bottom in English.
  • Understand that sounds make up words.
  • Pick out words that rhyme, like cat and hat.
  • Tell you the first sound in words, like mmmm for milk.
  • Says the sounds for some letters, like buh for B.
  • Identify upper- and lowercase letters.
  • Recognize some words by sight.
  • "Read" a few picture books from memory.
  • Pretend to read by talking about pictures in a book.


  • Print their first name.
  • Draw a picture that tells a story. Write about the picture. Your child may write a letter or word to stand for a whole sentence or idea.
  • Write upper- and lowercase letters. They may not be clear or neat.
  • Write or type letters in no set order, like Mu zEos lx.

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