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Components of Social Communication

Social Interaction
  • Speech style and context
  • Cultural influences
  • Gender communication differences
  • Language interference (influence of one language on another)
  • Code switching
  • Rules for linguistic politeness
  • Social reasoning
  • Peer-related social competence
  • Social tasks (e.g., accessing peer groups, cooperative play)
  • Conflict resolution
  • Power relationships (e.g., dominance/deference)
Social Cognition
  • Theory of Mind (ToM)-ability to connect emotional states to self and others; understanding that others have knowledge, desires, and emotions that may differ from one's own
  • Inference
  • Presupposition
  • Emotional competence
    • emotional regulation
    • emotional understanding
    • emotional expression (e.g., effectively regulating one's emotional state and behavior while focusing attention on salient aspects of the environment and engaging in social interaction)
  • Executive functioning (e.g., organization, planning, attention, problem solving, self-monitoring of future, goal-directed behavior)
  • Joint attention (e.g., social orienting, establishing shared attention, monitoring emotional states, and considering another's intentions)
Pragmatics Verbal Communication
  • Speech acts (e.g., requests, responses, comments, directives, demands, promises, and other communication functions)
  • Communicative intentions (communicative acts)
  • Perlocutionary/illocutionary/locutionary acts
  • Prosody
  • Grice maxims of conversation (quantity, quality, relevance, manner)
  • Discourse
    • Style-conversational, narrative, expository, procedural
    • Interaction/transaction
    • Cohesion/coherence
    • Responsiveness/assertiveness
    • Topic maintenance/introduction/
    • responsiveness/shift
    • Social reciprocity (e.g., initiating and responding to bids for interaction, taking turns)
    • Communication breakdown and repair
    • Deictic forms
    • Contingency/adjacency
    • Co-construction of meaning
    • Event knowledge
    • Scripts
Nonverbal Communication
  • Body language (posture and positioning)
  • Gesture
  • Facial expression
  • Eye contact
  • Gaze (gaze shifts)
  • Proxemics
  • Deictic gestures
  • Challenging behavior as communication
Language Processing (Expressive and Receptive)
  • Spoken and written language comprehension
  • Spoken and written language expression
  • Morphology (word forms)
  • Syntax (word order)
  • Semantics-general and discipline-specific vocabulary (e.g., science, math, social studies)
  • Phonological skills for spelling and reading decoding
This table was generated using the following resources: Grice, 1975; Nelson, 1978; and Timler, Olswang, & Coggins, 2005.

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