School Closures: Tips for Parents of
Bilingual Children and English Language Learners Receiving Speech-Language
Spanish version of this information.
Across the United States, COVID-19 has changed speech and language service delivery in schools and homes for children with speech and language disorders. This may present unique challenges for families and students who are bilingual and/or English language learners. ASHA offers this guidance to parents and caregivers:
1. Talk to your child
in your home language/s.
Speaking more than one language has many advantages (see
The Superpower of Being Bilingual). Hearing more words and conversations, no matter the language, can help your child succeed in school. You will not confuse your child, set them back academically, or prevent growing English skills by speaking your home language with your child. In fact, home language practice is
important to help your child produce sounds, learn new words, use full sentences, tell good stories, and interact socially.
2. Communicate with your child’s teachers and speech-language
pathologist (SLP)—and monitor school district resources.
School districts often share school materials, important news, and parent messages in additional languages. If your child needs assistance with online learning, contact your child’s school or case manager for help. They should also provide interpreting services or
translation of information into your home language, if needed. Learn about
what parents of students receiving speech and language treatment should know during school closures
. Also, see
advice for parents of children ages 0–3 whose services are interrupted. English
language learners have the same rights as other children.
3. Be flexible and open with SLPs about your child’s
needs and your family’s priorities.
COVID-19 has caused major changes to how—and how often—speech-language services are provided to your child. Some children may receive services virtually (called “telepractice”), depending on state and local laws, school district policies, and resources. If telepractice
is offered by your child’s school district and SLP, you may need to help your child participate in these sessions. Communicate with the SLP about your interest, scheduling needs, and speech and language practice activities outside of sessions. You should also share which communication methods (phone, text,
email, apps, etc.) are best for you.
4. Advocate for language access if you need it.
If you need information in your home language, you will not have to provide your own interpreter or translator for treatment sessions, parent meetings, or other purposes. You can choose to involve additional people—such as a cultural/linguistic broker or family member/friend—for
personal support, if it makes you more comfortable.
- If your child is provided speech-language services in
languages other than spoken English, they should still have access to interpreters to make progress toward their goals. Share any concerns or questions you have about the language of service with your child’s SLP or with your child’s team (Individualized Education Program [IEP] team or Individualized Family
Service Plan [IFSP] team).
- Interpreters are important to the evaluation process and may be needed to participate in service delivery. They can help with virtual observations of your child at home, with parent interviews, and with the testing process between your child and the SLP (if that person is not fluent in your child’s
5. Explore online language learning resources to promote
English language development.
If you are worried about your child’s English exposure and practice, you can contact your child’s English-as-a-second-language (ESL) teacher about resources for English practice. There are also many helpful online resources for English language learners and their families, including
Head Start Early Childhood Learning & Knowledge Center, and
Multilingual Living online magazine. See
more ideas on how to promote bilingualism.
6. Read with young children, or encourage independent
reading for older children daily.
There are many benefits and options for daily reading for children young and old. Materials may include traditional books or e-books, wordless or multilingual books, and English books with fun illustrations. No matter the story, you can talk about who, what, when, where, why, and even
your own personal experiences. The possibilities are endless, and the discussion can be multilingual.