The information below is collected from state licensure boards or regulatory agencies responsible for regulating the professions of audiology and/or speech-language pathology. The information is reviewed on an annual basis. Please be advised that laws, regulations, and policies may change at any time, so always check with your state for the most up-to-date information.
This state has no licensure laws or regulations for telepractice. The absence of laws or regulations does not imply telepractice is allowed. Please contact the board for further information.
This state has no laws or regulations for telesupervision of support personnel, clinical fellows or student interns. Not permitted based on requirement for onsite observation.
(j) As used in this article, "direct supervision" means onsite observation and guidance while an assigned evaluation or therapeutic activity is being performed.
Citation: Ind. Code § 25-35.6-1-2
The law is not clearly defined indicating that any healthcare provider and service may be covered. It is left up to interpretation and/or will be determined by the payers. Clinicians will have to contact payer sources to determine if and how telepractice is covered.
"Telemedicine", for purposes of IC 16-36-1, means a specific method of delivery of services, including medical exams and consultations and behavioral health evaluations and treatment, including those for substance abuse, using videoconferencing equipment to allow a provider to render an examination or other service to a patient at a distant location. The term does not include the use of the following:
(1) A telephone transmitter for transtelephonic monitoring.
(2) A telephone or any other means of communication for the consultation from one (1) provider to another provider.
Citation: Ind. Code § 16-36-1-348.5
Health Care Provider
Sec. 163. (a) "Health care provider," for purposes of IC 16-21 and IC 16-41, means any of the following: (1) An individual, a partnership, a corporation, a professional corporation, a facility, or an institution licensed or legally authorized by this state to provide health care or professional services as a licensed physician, a psychiatric hospital, a hospital, a health facility, an emergency ambulance service (IC 16-313), a dentist, a registered or licensed practical nurse, a midwife, an optometrist, a pharmacist, a podiatrist, a chiropractor, a physical therapist, a respiratory care practitioner, an occupational therapist, a psychologist, a paramedic, an emergency medical technician, an advanced emergency medical technician, an athletic trainer, or a person who is an officer, employee, or agent of the individual, partnership, corporation, professional corporation, facility, or institution acting in the course and scope of the person's employment.
Citation: Ind. Code § 16-18-2-163
The law indicates coverage for healthcare professionals, including SLPs, as defined under IC 16-27-1 home health agency. Federal laws referenced are more vague and may be left up to interpretation under 42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)(2)(B) for qualified health care center and under 42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)(1)) rural health clinic as other licensed practitioner of the healing arts. Coverage is conditional on settings or by Medicaid office for all other situations.
"Health Care Professional"
Sec. 1. As used in this chapter, "health care professional" means any of the following:
(8) A speech-language pathologist or an audiologist licensed under IC 25-35.6-3.
(9) A speech-language pathology aide or an audiology aide (as defined in IC 25-35.6-1-2).
Reimbursement for telehealth services and telemedicine services for certain providers; implementation; rules
Sec. 11. (a) As used in this section, "telehealth services" means the use of telecommunications and information technology to provide access to health assessment, diagnosis, intervention, consultation, supervision, and information across a distance.
(b) As used in this section, "telemedicine services" has the meaning set forth for "telemedicine" in IC 25-1-9.5-6.
(c) The office shall reimburse a Medicaid provider who is licensed as a home health agency under IC 16-27-1 for telehealth services.
(d) The office shall reimburse the following Medicaid providers for medically necessary telemedicine services:
(1) A federally qualified health center (as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)(2)(B)).
(2) A rural health clinic (as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)(1)).
(3) A community mental health center certified under IC 12-21-2-3(5)(C).
(4) A critical access hospital that meets the criteria under 42 CFR 485.601 et seq.
(5) A provider, as determined by the office to be eligible, providing a covered telemedicine service.
(e) The office may not impose any distance restrictions on providers of telehealth services or telemedicine services. Before December 31, 2017, the office shall do the following:
(1) Submit a Medicaid state plan amendment with the United States Department of Health and Human Services that eliminates distance restrictions for telehealth services or telemedicine services in the state Medicaid plan.
(2) Issue a notice of intent to adopt a rule to amend any administrative rules that include distance restrictions for the provision of telehealth services or telemedicine services.
(f) The office shall implement any part of this section that is approved by the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
(g) The office may adopt rules under IC 4-22-2 necessary to implement and administer this section.
Citation: Ind. Code § 12-15-5-11
If a state has not established regulations on telesupervision, then contact the licensure board for further guidance and ask for written verification.
Audiologists and speech-language pathologists should keep in mind that while a state may have passed telepractice reimbursement laws and/or regulations, this does not guarantee that payers will reimburse for these services. Learn more about considerations for audiologists and speech-language pathologists.
For further information on telepractice requirements for audiologists and speech-language pathologists, please visit these websites:
Questions regarding state advocacy issues? Call ASHA at 800-498-2071 and ask for the State Advocacy Team.