April 30, 2020
[Updated May 7, 2020] Services Provided in Hospital Outpatient Departments (HOPDs)
According to the CMS press release and related guidance for HOPDs [PDF], “hospitals may bill for services furnished remotely by hospital-based practitioners to Medicare patients registered as hospital outpatients, including when the patient is at home...” when the hospital has registered the patient’s home as a temporary expansion location with the CMS Regional Office. Audiologists and SLPs should work with their hospital to ensure each patient’s home is registered with the regional office and that services are provided remotely only when clinically appropriate for the patient.
According to CMS, if the patient is a registered outpatient of the hospital and is in a temporary expansion location of the outpatient department (including the patient’s home), the service can be provided via audiovisual equipment. In cases where both audio and visual are not available, the service can be furnished exclusively with audio. These services can be provided by the hospital’s clinical staff and should be billed as if they were provided in the hospital.
These services are not considered Medicare telehealth services but are considered services provided in person to the patient. While the list of CPT codes included with the guidance [ZIP] is illustrative and not exhaustive, ASHA is requesting codes reflective of audiology and speech-language pathology services be added to the list.
[Original Post April 30, 2020] Medicare will now temporarily cover telehealth services [PDF] provided by audiologists and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) via the waiver authority it was granted by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act (P.L. 116-136). Medicare reimbursement of telehealth services provided by audiologists and SLPs will only last the duration of the public health emergency (PHE) and is retroactive to March 1, 2020.
The following codes representing audiology services are covered Medicare telehealth services:
The following codes representing speech-language pathology services are covered Medicare telehealth services:
Note: Audiologists and SLPs will not be able to enter into private pay arrangements with Medicare beneficiaries and must bill Medicare for telehealth services because telehealth services are now covered.
Institutional settings, such as skilled nursing facilities and home health agencies, do not appear able to bill for telehealth services but ASHA is seeking clarification and will advocate for additional waivers as necessary. As noted in a fact sheet [PDF] associated with waivers provided for home health services under the PHE, CMS states that only in-person services can be reported via the home health claim even when the plan of care is developed or updated to include the use of telecommunication technology. In a similar fact sheet [PDF] developed for skilled nursing facilities, the only eligible telehealth services are the physician and nonphysician practitioner in-person visits (SLPs are considered suppliers under Medicare). However, Medicare officials have stated that services provided via audiovisual equipment—such as a smartphone or platforms like FaceTime or Skype—in the same building as the patient or through the patient’s window are allowed but are considered in-person services and not telehealth services.
Under the expanded coverage, audiologists and SLPs should also consider the following:
ASHA provides coding and billing guidance for Medicare telehealth services during the public health emergency. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.