Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness and balance problems can make it hard to get through your day. See your doctor if you feel dizzy. An audiologist can help test you to find out why you are dizzy.

Did you ever play a game where you turned around in circles and then tried to walk? You probably had trouble walking and might have fallen over. People with balance problems may feel that way all the time.

When you have balance problems, you may feel unsteady, woozy, or confused. You may have blurry vision. You might feel like the room is spinning. You may have trouble walking, or you may not even be able to get up. You may feel sick to your stomach or faint. Balance problems can make you nervous and afraid to move around.

Why You Might Be Dizzy

Dizziness can happen for many reasons, such as:

  • Viruses and other infections
  • Objects stuck in your ear canal
  • Blood pressure changes
  • Problems with how your blood moves around your body
  • A hole in your ear drum, called a fistula
  • Ménière’s disease, which is an inner ear problem
  • Medicines that are poisonous for your ears, called ototoxic drugs
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Vision problems
  • Tumors on the hearing nerve, called an acoustic neuroma
  • Head injury (traumatic brain injury, or TBI)

About Vertigo

Vertigo is often caused by inner ear problems. It makes you feel like the room is moving or spinning. Changing position, such as sitting up in bed, can make it worse. You may feel sick to your stomach or throw up with vertigo.

See ASHA information for professionals on the Practice Portal's Balance System Disorders page.

Other Resources

This list does not include every website on this topic. ASHA does not endorse the information on these sites.

More information can be found in our Audiology Information Series [PDF]. 

To find an audiologist near you, visit ProFind.

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