From the Council for Clinical Certification in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (CFCC)
The CFCC will continue to monitor this unfolding situation. Please note that this page will be updated frequently and any dates (noted with *) will be adjusted accordingly.
Updated February 3, 2021
COVID-19 has created an unprecedented situation that is affecting the ability for clinical services to be provided on site and in person with clients and patients as required by the 2020 Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) Certification Standards. This situation extends to the ability for graduate student clinicians and Clinical Fellows (CF) to be physically present with clients/patients, and for clinical educators and CF mentors to provide on-site and in-person supervision.
The CFCC understands these concerns and is continuously monitoring the situation and working with the CAA to identify options for CAA-accredited programs to help their graduate students to meet the minimum clinical practicum requirements in accordance with the standards. After careful consultation with the CAA, the CFCC is unable to reduce the number of clinical practicum hours since programs not only need to meet ASHA Certification standards but also those required by state or federal organizations, such as state licensing boards, the U.S. Department of Education, and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). The CFCC has jurisdiction over what is required for the purposes of ASHA certification; however, ASHA does not have jurisdiction over these external agencies/bodies.
Similarly, due to state licensing requirements that mirror ASHA certification standards, the minimum number of hours (1,260) and weeks (36) for Clinical Fellows will remain the same. The CFCC wants to provide clarification about several frequently asked questions and explain allowances that have been made for graduate programs/graduate student clinicians and Clinical Fellows.
Graduate Programs and Graduate Students
The CFCC has made the following allowances for graduate student clinicians in CAA-accredited programs.
Telepractice With Telesupervision
Graduate student clinicians in both professions who are enrolled in CAA-accredited and CAA-candidacy programs may engage in service delivery through telepractice as outlined below. The CFCC has extended these allowances until December 31, 2021.
- Multiple students may participate in the same session. Each student who is actively participating in the session will earn the full hour toward the completion of their clinical practicum. Program and clinic directors have the authority to determine how many students can appropriately take part in an online teletherapy session with one client, keeping quality patient care, safety, and optimal clinical education in mind. If students are observing student clinicians but are not actively engaged in service delivery, they can only count the time as guided observation hours.
- Programs must carefully consider which clients/patients are appropriate for telepractice. As always, programs must adhere to all local/state/federal policies. This includes adhering to any state licensing requirements for student clinicians and clinical educators. Please note that for the purposes of ASHA Certification, the use of telepractice and telesupervision with graduate student clinicians is only available when all parties are physically located within the United States.
- It is up to the discretion of each program to determine how many hours may be earned through telepractice. There currently is no cap for the purposes of ASHA certification. These hours are separate from the hours earned through clinical simulation.
- Clinical educators may supervise more than one telepractice session concurrently. Clinical educators must be available 100% of the time to each session and must provide a minimum of 25% direct supervision of the total contact time with each client/patient (similar to in-person supervision requirements).
- The CFCC defines "available" as line of sight, which means having all concurrent telepractice sessions in view 100% of the time.
- Guidance for programs engaging in on-site and in-person therapy visits:
- Audiology programs: The language regarding telesupervision/telepractice regarding multiple students applies to live patient care and clinical instruction. This guidance will be revisited periodically based on national circumstances
- SLP programs: Up to two SLP graduate student clinicians who are actively engaged with one client/patient during a session may each count the full hour toward their minimum supervised clinical practicum hours.
- Requirements for Clinical Educators, Preceptors, and Supervisors of Graduate Student Clinicians
- As of January 1, 2021, clinical educators and supervisors of graduate student clinicians must meet all supervisory requirements as outlines in (a) Standard III of the 2020 Audiology Certification Standards and (b) Standard V-E of the 2020 SLP Certification Standards. Clinical Fellowship Mentors must have met the supervisory requirements as of January 1, 2020.
CAA and CFCC Rationale for Maintaining Clinical Education Requirements
- The CAA and CFCC have the responsibility to assure stakeholders that graduates, Clinical Fellows, and certificate holders are clinically competent to practice. The accreditation and certification standards have been developed and refined throughout the years by undergoing a vigorous vetting process to protect the public, students, and payers. These standards ensure standardization in the amount and quality of education and training that students receive prior to beginning their Clinical Fellowship (CF) and that a Clinical Fellow receives before practicing as an independent clinician.
- Reducing standards could pose potential risks to students and Clinical Fellows who (1) may not be competent and/or qualified to practice as those who were educated and trained before them or those who will be educated or trained in the future, (2) may not be able to meet state licensure or insurance requirements, and (3) most importantly, would put clients/patients/students at risk.
- The CFCC has received many inquiries related to expanding the use of clinical simulations to supplement direct client/patient experience, which the CFCC rejected. As you may be aware, the standards already allow for up to 75 hours to occur at the undergraduate level (25 hours of observation and 50 hours of supervised clinical practicum) and for 75 hours to be acquired through clinical simulations, which means only 250 hours of the 400 hours of clinical practicum have to come from direct client/patient care if all allowances are used, which currently can be done through telepractice. The CFCC believes these 250 hours are necessary to ensure students are ready to begin their CF experience.
- It has also been requested that the CAA and CFCC lower the total amount of clinical practicum required for graduation/certification and roll those hours into an extended CF. This was also rejected because it (1) does not comply with the range of state credentialing requirements across the country and (2) has the potential to endanger client/patients/students.
- We understand that several states do not permit the use of telepractice; however, given the current environment and need for healthcare services, many of those states are considering emergency legislation to permit for telepractice [PDF]. If you have questions about telepractice within your state please contact your state licensure boards or visit the ASHA site for state-by-state regulatory information on telepractice and temporary practice.
- To assist all stakeholders, the CFCC has made a variety of accommodations that allow hours/experience to be counted for ASHA certification in ways which were previously not allowed. The CFCC’s timeframe for these accommodations is from March 16, 2020 – December 31, 2021. Given how this situation continues to evolve, the CFCC will consider future extensions as needed. During this time, academic programs are encouraged to find ways to accommodate various methods for students to meet the standards, such as distance education, tele options, program extensions, etc. Once programs and clinical placement sites are able to provide on-site and in-person services, they must comply with the 2020 certification standards.
Clarification of Frequently Asked Questions
The CFCC will continue to support programs as they outline plans to ensure that their students are meeting certification standards. As such, the CFCC wants to clarify the following:
- ASHA Audiology Certification Standards refer to CAA standards for the amount of clinical practicum required for audiology student clinicians.
- CAA standards require a minimum of 12 months of full-time equivalent experience that occurs throughout the duration of the graduate program.
- “Short” and “long” experience that occur in years 1–3 may be applied for the purposes of ASHA certification.
- Students cannot graduate with less than the equivalent of 12 months of full-time clinical experience.
- If all hours are not obtained under the supervision of a CCC-A, applicants may complete this post-graduation in accordance with the standards.
- Audiology students may earn up to 10% of their clinical practicum experience thorough clinical simulation.
- Telepractice and telesupervision may be used to obtain the required supervised clinical practicum, as stated in Standard III of the 2020 Standards.
- ASHA SLP Certification Standards require a minimum of 400 clinical practicum hours for SLP graduate student clinicians.
- The standards state that applicants for certification must demonstrate competence in the areas outlined in Standards IV and V, however the programs are given flexibility in how students demonstrate competence. The standards do not specify the minimum number of sites, adult vs pediatric hours, or hours of contact with each specific client/patient population required to demonstrate competence. Programmatic or state licensure requirements may be more specific.
- 25 hours are obtained through guided observation. The CFCC does not limit the number of observation hours earned through video recordings.
- All SLPs being supervised must hold a current CCC-SLP.
- After January 1, 2021, the clinical educator providing the debriefing or "guided" portion of observations, and/or the clinical educators responsible for verifying the observation hours were guided, must meet the additional supervision requirements as outlined in Standard V.
- The SLPs who are being observed by student clinicians, but who are not the clinicians responsible for overseeing the guided component of the observation experiences, do not need to meet the requirement associated with the 2020 SLP standards.
- 375 hours are obtained through supervised clinical practicum.
- 325 of these hours must be earned while the student enrolled in a graduate program.
- The graduate program may count up to 50 hours of supervised clinical practicum that were completed within the undergraduate program. Programs may count hours earned during an SLPA preparatory program as part of the permitted undergraduate hours if the activities were within the scope of practice of an SLP and were supervised in accordance with the standards. Experience outside of a preparatory program may not be used.
- Up to 75 hours may be obtained through clinical simulation (CS) activities. The CFCC is not adjusting the maximum number of hours permitted through CS. Programs have the authority to determine how best to debrief students and determine what documentation is required. In order to count hours as clinical practicum, the student must have direct interaction with the client/patient. Watching videos and reporting on what is seen is a great learning activity and may be used as guided observation; however, since the student does not directly interact with the client/patient., it cannot be considered a "task trainer" or an interactive computer-based simulations, and cannot be used as a simulated clinical practicum activity.
- A minimum of 250 hours of supervised clinical practicum within the graduate program are required in instances where the graduate student earns 75 hours through CS, 50 hours during undergraduate clinical practicum, and 25 hours through guided observation. These remaining 250 hours must be obtained through direct clinical contact with clients/patient.
- From March 16, 2020 – December 31, 2021,* telepractice and telesupervision may be used to obtain the required supervised clinical practicum. It is up to the discretion of the graduate program to determine how many hours can be earned through telepractice. See below for additional accommodations.
- The following activities may be included as part of the direct clinical practicum hours:
- Screenings (includes formal and informal observations of clients/patients)
- parent/caregiver history/interviews
- explaining evaluation results to parents/caregivers/clients/patients
- must be synchronous
- individual or group
- Counseling with caregivers and family
- "wrap-up sessions"
- advising, training, and providing education
- demonstrating skills to caregivers
- demonstrating to families how to program AAC devices
- Time spent in meetings with the patient/family present, when the student is actively reporting evaluation results, treatment plans, progress, etc., can be counted since that is considered advising, educating, and training caregivers and family. However, activities such as planning, paperwork, consulting with allied professionals in the absence of clients/family, cannot be counted. Asynchronous service delivery may not be counted. Programs wishing to count asynchronous service delivery programs toward supervised clinical practicum hours may submit detailed plans to the CFCC, which will evaluate these plans on a case-by-case basis.
- Neither ASHA certification nor accreditation standards set grading requirements. This includes pass/fail or satisfactory/unsatisfactory options.
- Grading is up to the discretion of the program and must be in accordance with university policies and procedures.
- Praxis examination
- The certification standards for both professions require that a passing exam score be earned no earlier than 5 years prior to the submission of an application and no later than 2 years following receipt of the application.
- Passing this examination prior to graduation may be a programmatic requirement.
Speech-Language Pathology Clinical Fellows
The CFCC received many questions about CF experiences in light of the closures and cancellations due to COVID-19. The CFCC has provided an allowance for Clinical Fellows to accumulate CF experience weeks/hours through telepractice from March 16, 2020 – December 31, 2021.* However, the CFCC understands that telepractice is not an option in all CF settings [PDF], so we have provided the additional guidance and tips below to help Clinical Fellows continue their CF experience, even if they cannot directly practice with clients/patients/students at this time. We will continue to monitor the situation closely and consider additional options as service providers affected by COVID-19 announce their plans to reopen the school year.
ASHA certification standards require a CF experience to be a minimum of 36 weeks and 1,260 hours. There is a "work week" requirement that states at least 80% of a Clinical Fellow's major responsibilities during the CF experience must be spent in direct client/patient contact (e.g., assessment, evaluation, screening, treatment, clinical research activities, family/client consultations, recordkeeping, report writing, and/or counseling) related to the management process for individuals who exhibit communication and/or swallowing disabilities.
The CFCC has relaxed this work week requirement between March 16, 2020 – December 31, 2021*, to allow Clinical Fellows who are unable to be on site or provide services through telepractice to continue to count time toward their required 1,260 hours. This means that Clinical Fellows may count all hours involved in case management, even if they are not directly with clients/patients in activities such as creating home programs, virtual consultations with clients/patients or their families, allied health providers, teachers, or Child Study Team members. These activities must be permissible by your employer, CF mentor, and/or state licensing laws. Clinical Fellows may continue to count time spent in "other" activities such as professional development, as long as it does not exceed 20% of their current work week. For example, if a Clinical Fellow is able to work 20 hours per week in service delivery and case management, an additional 4 hours may be spent in other activities.
Clinical Fellows in locations where telepractice and/or telesupervision is permitted
- Clinical Fellows may utilize telepractice provided an appropriately credentialed speech-language pathologist (see Standard VII) is available to assist in a similar manner to the supervision/assistance that is provided when services are delivered face-to-face. In addition, (1) the Clinical Fellow, the supervisor/CF mentor, and the client/patient/student must all be located in the United States, (2) the use of telepractice and telesupervision must be permitted by state licensure of Department of Education credentials, and (3) the Clinical Fellow, the supervisor, and the CF mentor must be appropriately credentialed to provide services both in the state they reside and in the state(s) that they provide services. It is the responsibility of the CF mentor and the Clinical Fellow to contact the necessary state licensure agencies to determine what credentials are required.
- Telesupervision may be used for direct, on-site, and in-person observations of Clinical Fellows by the CF mentor(s) for the segment(s) of the CF experience that occurs between March 16, 2020 – December 31, 2021*. As a reminder, a minimum of six hours of direct observations are required per segment (one-third of the CF experience) and per CF mentor. Up to six hours may be completed in one day.
- Telepractice Resources During COVID-19
As a reminder, for the purposes of ASHA certification, Clinical Fellows have 48 months from the date their CF experience began to complete their experience. Your end date may be extended past your original expected end date.
Please keep in mind that all local, state, and federal regulations, and employer policies, must be followed at all times. This is an unprecedented and fluid circumstance. We know that everyone is doing their best continue client/patient/student care and that Clinical Fellows need to continue to increase their skills/readiness for independent practice. The CFCC understands the uniqueness of the situation; however, we have the responsibility to ensure that CF experiences are completed in a reasonable and responsible way to ensure Clinical Fellows are prepared for independent practice without sacrificing client/patient/student care.
In all cases, CF mentors must meet the requirements as outlined in the 2020 certification standards, which includes 2 hours of professional development in the area of supervision completed at least once after receiving the CCC-SLP, and 9 months of full-time equivalent post-certification experience. Please remember that all clinical educators, graduate students, Clinical Fellows, and CF mentors must ensure that telepractice and telesupervision are completed in accordance with HIPAA, FERPA, and prevailing local, state, and/or federal regulations.
For more information, please review ASHA's COVID-19 updates. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions.