American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Epidemiology Across Cultures: Total U.S. Population

Demographics | Health Statistics | Educational Statistics | Resources

Demographics

The 2006–2008 American Community Survey estimates that the United States population was 301.2 million, and 45.4 million, or 15.1% percent, were Hispanic or Latino. The remaining 255.8 million people, or 84.6 percent, were not Hispanic or Latino. Nearly 98 percent of all respondents reported only one race. The largest group reported White alone, accounting for 74.4 percent of all people living in the United States. The Black or African American alone population represented 12.3 percent of the total. Just under 1 percent of all respondents indicated only American Indian and Alaska Native, and 4.4 percent indicated only Asian. The smallest race group was the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone population, representing 0.1 percent of the total population. The remainder of the "one race" respondents-5.8 percent of all respondents-indicated only some other race. The "two or more races category" represents all respondents who reported more than one race. 2.2 percent of the total population reported more than one race. [1]

Health Statistics

Incidence and Prevalence of Diseases

AIDS/HIV, number of newly reported cases in 2007 [2]

42,655

Cleft lip/palate [3]

1 per 1,000 births

 

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) [4]

36.9%

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) [4]

 7.9%

Diabetes Mellitus [4]

 7.7%

Stroke [4]

 2.9%

Risk Factors

Hypertension [4]

33.6%

Obesity (BMI 30+) [4]

32.9%

Total cholesterol 240 mg/dL+ [4]

16.2%

Educational Statistics

Percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity in Fall 2003. [5]

White, non-Hispanic

Black, non-Hispanic

Hispanic

Asian or Pacific Islander

American Indian/Alaska Native

56.5%

17.1%

20.5%

4.7%

1.2%

Special Education Identification (Fall 2004) [6]

Percentage of students ages 6 through 21 receiving special education services for given disability category

 

All students served

Specific Learning Disabilities

4.2

Speech or Language Impairment

1.7

Mental Retardation

0.8

Emotional Disturbance

0.7

Multiple Disabilities

0.2

Hearing Impairment

0.1

Orthopedic Impairment

0.1

Other Health Impairment

0.8

Visual Impairment

 <0.05

Autism

0.3

Deaf-Blindness

<0.05

Traumatic Brain Injury

<0.05

Resources

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[1] U.S. Census Bureau. (2008)  2006–2008 American community survey. Retrieved January 5, 2010 from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-redoLog=false&-mt_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G2000_B02001.

[2] Center for Disease Control and Population. (2009). "Fact Sheet: HIV/AIDS among African Americans." Retrieved January 5, 2010 from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/aa/resources/factsheets/aa.htm.

[3] Biavati, M. (2009). Cleft Palate. Retrieved January 5, 2010 from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/878062-overview.

[4] American Heart Association. (2009). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2010 update. Dallas: American Heart Association.

[5] Digest of Education Statistics. (2008). "Percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary school, by race/ethnicity and state: Fall 1996 and Fall 2006." Retrieved January 5, 2010 from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d08/tables/dt08_041.asp.

[6] U.S Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Office of Special Education Programs. (2009). 28th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Act, 2006, vol. 1, Washington DC.

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