CLINICAL TOPICS

Permanent Childhood Hearing Loss

Overview

Incidence and Prevalence

Signs and Symptoms

Causes

Roles and Responsibilities

Assessment

Treatment

Resources

References

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2006). Guidelines for monitoring and management of pediatric patients during and after sedation for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures: An update Pediatrics, 118(6), 2587-2602.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2004). Scope of practice in audiology [Scope of practice]. Available from www.asha.org/policy.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2010). Code of ethics [Ethics]. Available from www.asha.org/policy.

Boulet, S. L., Boyle, C. A., & Schieve, L. A. (2009). Health care use and health and functional impact of developmental disabilities of U.S. children, 1997-2005. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 163(1), 19-26.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Summary of 2009 national CDC EHDI data [2009 CDC EHDI Hearing Screening & Follow-up Survey (HSFS)]. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hearingloss/2009-Data/2009_EHDI_HSFS_Summary_508_OK.pdf.

DesJardin, J. L. (2006). Family empowerment: Supporting language development in young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Volta Review, 106(3), 275-298.

Eiser, C., Parkyn, T., Havermans, T., & McNinch, A. (1994). Parent's recall on the diagnosis of cancer in their child. Psycho-oncology, 3(3), 197-203.

Gorga, M. P., Neely, S. T., Olrich, B., Hoover, B., Redner, J., & Peters, J. (1997). From laboratory to clinic: A large scale study of distortion product otoacoustic emissions in ears with normal hearing and ears with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 18, 440-455.

Hille, E. T., van Straaten, H. I., & Verkerk, P. H. (2007). Prevalence and independent risk factors for hearing loss in NICU infants. Acta Pediatrica, 96(8), 1155-1158.

Humes, L. E., & Kirn, E. U. (1990). The reliability of functional gain. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 55, 193-197.

Hussain, D. M., Gorga, M. P., Neely, S. T., Keefe, D. H., & Peters, J. (1998). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions in patients with normal hearing and in patients with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 19, 434-449.

Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. (2007). Year 2007 position statement: Principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention. Pediatrics, 120, 898-921.

Kei, J. (2012). Acoustic stapedial reflexes in healthy neonates: Normative data and test-retest reliability. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 23(1), 460.

Litovsky, R., Johnstone, P., & Godar, S. (2006). Benefits of bilateral cochlear implants and/or hearing aids in children. International Journal of Audiology, 45(Suppl. 1), S78-S91.

Margolis, R.H., Bass-Ringdahl, S.B., Hanks, W.D., Holte, L., & Zapala, D.A. (2003). Tympanometry in newborn infants-1kHz norms. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 14, 383-392.

Morton, C. C., & Nance, W. E. (2006). Newborn hearing screening-A silent revolution. New England Journal of Medicine, 354, 2151-2164.

Murphy, J., & O'Donoghue, G. (2007). Bilateral cochlear implantation: An evidence-based medicine evaluation. Laryngoscope, 117(8), 1412-1418.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (n.d.). Quick statistics. Retrieved from http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/statistics/Pages/quick.aspx.

New York State Department of Health, Early Intervention Program. (2007). Clinical practice guideline: Report of the recommendations. Hearing loss, assessment and intervention for young children (Age 0-3 Years). (NYS Department of Health, Publication No. 4967). Albany, NY: Author.

The Pediatric Working Group of the Conference on Amplification for Children with Auditory Deficits. (1996). Amplification for infants and children with hearing loss. American Journal of Audiology, 5(1), 53-68.

Reese, J. L., & Hnath-Chisolm, T. (2005). Recognition of hearing aid orientation content by first-time users. American Journal of Audiology, 14(1), 94-104.

Sininger, Y. S., Grimes, A., & Christensen, E. (2010). Auditory development in early amplified children: Factors influencing auditory-based communication outcomes in children with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 31(2),166-185.

Yoshinaga-Itano, C., Baca, R. L., &. Sedey, A. L. (2010). Describing the trajectory of language development in the presence of severe to profound hearing loss: A closer look at children with cochlear implants versus hearing aids. Otology and Neurotology, 31(8), 1268-1274.

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