American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review


Early Intervention for Children with Autism

Burrows, K. (2004).
Paediatrics and Child Health, 9(4), 267-270.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided No
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible No

Description: This is a review of studies investigating the effectiveness of educational interventions or programs that are intended to result in global improvement in young children with autism. These interventions are not specific to the field of speech-language pathology and include Lovaas, normalized teaching, LEAP, Floortime, and TEACCH.

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specifically stated.

Population: Young children (under 46 months) with autism spectrum disorder and PDD-NOS.

Intervention/Assessment: Lovaas method, parent-mediated interventions and normalized teaching.

Number of Studies Included: Not stated

Years Included: 1995 – September 2003

Findings:

Conclusions:

  • Service Delivery
    • Dosage & Provider
      • “Although evidence of efficacy of educational treatment programs for autism is weak, the studies to date do suggest some guiding principles that may be of use in planning treatment. Given the available information, it would appear reasonable to set a target of a minimum of 15 h a week of structured, individualized teaching. The family should be involved in service provision, and there should be ongoing program evaluation and adjustment to meet the child’s needs” (p. 269).
      • It is important to note that these educational programs are often comprehensive and not specific to, but involve, speech and language treatment.

Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Behavioral Treatments, TEACCH

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Added to Compendium: December 2011

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