Auditory Training: Evidence for Neural Plasticity in Older Adults

August 14, 2013

8:00 p.m.–10:00 p.m. ET

Sponsored by SIG 6 Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics

The Improvements in digital amplification, cochlear implants, and other innovations have extended the potential for improving hearing function; yet, there remains a need for further hearing improvement in challenging listening situations, such as when trying to understand speech in noise or when listening to music. Here, we review evidence from animal and human models of plasticity in the brain’s ability to process speech and other meaningful stimuli. We considered studies targeting populations of younger through older adults, emphasizing studies that have employed randomized controlled designs and have made connections between neural and behavioral changes. Overall results indicate that the brain remains malleable through older adulthood, provided that treatment algorithms have been modified to allow for changes in learning with age. Improvements in speech-in-noise perception and cognition function accompany neural changes in auditory processing.
 
The training-related improvements noted across studies support the need to consider auditory training strategies in the management of individuals who express concerns about hearing in difficult listening situations. Given evidence from studies engaging the brain’s reward centers, future research should consider how these centers can be naturally activated during training. The following panelists will be available during this live chat to answer questions:
  
  • Samira Anderson, Assistant Professor, University of Maryland – College Park, Hearing and Speech Sciences
  • Harry Levitt, PhD

This free event is open to all ASHA members (it is not offered for CEUs).

 

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