American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Nevada Hearing Screening Requirements for Newborns and School-Aged Children

The following information summarizes hearing screening programs for newborns and school-aged children.

The information has been collected by researching individual state statutes, regulations, policy documents, and by contacting each state. The information is reviewed on an annual basis. Please be advised that regulations and policy may change at any time, so always check with your state for the most up-to-date information.

Newborn Screening

Screening

A licensed hospital that provides services for maternity care and the care of newborn children and a licensed obstetric center in this state shall not discharge a newborn child who was born in the facility until the newborn child has undergone a hearing screening for the detection of hearing loss.

Intervention

If a hearing screening indicates that a newborn child may have a hearing loss, the physician attending to the newborn child shall recommend to the parent or legal guardian of the newborn child that the newborn child receive an in-depth hearing diagnostic evaluation.

If a licensed hospital or licensed obstetric center makes a referral for a newborn child because the newborn child needs assistance with accessing diagnostic and treatment services, the licensed hospital or licensed obstetric center shall notify the Health Division of the referral at the time the referral is made.

Standards/Protocols

Standards and protocols are not addressed by laws/regulations.

Tracking/Reporting

The annual written report required to be submitted to the Health Division by licensed hospitals and licensed obstetric centers must include the following information concerning hearing screenings of newborn children conducted at the licensed hospital or licensed obstetric center during the period covered by the report:

  1. The name of the licensed hospital or licensed obstetric center
  2. The number of newborn children screened
  3. The number of newborn children who required follow-up services and for each of those newborn children:
    a. The age of the newborn child at the time the hearing screening was conducted,
    b. The gestational age of the newborn child at birth,
    c. The type of hearing screening that was conducted on the newborn child,
    d. The results of the hearing screening,
    e. Any recommendations made for the newborn child as a result of the hearing screening,
    f. Any referrals made for the newborn child as a result of the hearing screening,
    g. The county of residence of the newborn child,
    h. The name and date of birth of the mother of the newborn child, and
    i. The name of the attending physician of the newborn child.

The Health Division shall annually prepare and submit to the governor a written report relating to hearing tests for newborn children. The written report must include, without limitation:

a. A summary of the results of hearing screenings administered to newborn children and any other related information submitted in accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Health,
b. An analysis of the effectiveness of the statute, in identifying loss of hearing in newborn children, and
c. Any related recommendations for legislation.

School-Age Screening

Ages/Populations Screened

  1. Before the completion of the first year of initial enrollment in elementary school
  2. In at least one additional grade of the elementary schools
  3. In one grade of the middle or junior high schools and one grade of the high schools
  4. Any child who is newly enrolled in the district
  5. A special examination for a possible visual or auditory problem must be provided for any child who:
    a. Is enrolled in a special program,
    b. Is repeating a grade,
    c. Has failed an examination for a visual or auditory problem during the previous school year, or
    d. Shows in any other way that the child may have such a problem.

Who Can Screen

  • School nurse
  • Any person other than a school nurse, including, without limitation, a person employed at a school to provide basic first aid and health services to pupils, who performs an observation or examination pursuant to this subsection must be trained by a school nurse to conduct the observation or examination.

Training for Screeners

Training for screeners is not addressed by laws/regulations.

Type of Testing

Type of testing is not addressed by laws/regulations.

Equipment Standards

Equipment standards are not addressed by laws/regulations.

Follow-up Protocols & Documentation

The school authorities shall notify the parent or guardian of any child who is found or believed to have scoliosis, any visual or auditory problem, or any gross physical defect, and shall recommend that appropriate medical attention be secured to correct it.

Resources

For further information on hearing screening requirements, visit these websites:

Questions regarding state advocacy issues? Call ASHA at 800-498-2071 and ask for the State Advocacy Team.

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