Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Telehealth and Autism: A Systematic Search and Review of the Literature

Sutherland, R., Trembath, D., et al. (2018).
International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 20(3), 324-336.
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Sponsoring Body

Not stated

Article Quality Ratings

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Indicators of Review Quality

  • Yes The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • Yes Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • No Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • Yes Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Article Details

Description

This is a systematic review of experimental design studies investigating the outcomes of telehealth services in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article extends but does not replace a previous systematic review by Boisvert et al. 2010 (see the Notes on This Article section below for more details).

Questions/Aims Addressed

This article aimed to review the following regarding telehealth services for ASD:

  • the type of service delivered;
  • the recipients of telehealth services; and
  • the outcomes of the telehealth services provided.

Population

Individuals with ASD

Intervention/Assessment

Telehealth services

Number of Studies Included

14

Years Included

Inception up to December 2016


Conclusions from This Systematic Review

What are Conclusions?

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Treatment

The majority of included studies (9/14) investigated parent satisfaction of telehealth services. "All studies reported high levels of programme acceptability and parent satisfaction with the telehealth component of the intervention or assessment. In addition, two studies that involved direct telehealth involvement with individuals on the [autism] spectrum … reported high participant satisfaction" (p. 333).

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

"This review suggests there may be a range of benefits in using intervention using telehealth to individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] ASD, their families and teachers" (p. 335). Results indicated overall positive outcomes for intervention delivered via telehealth sessions. Due to low study quality, however, results for telehealth to provide diagnostic assessments suggested that telehealth for diagnostic assessments can not yet be considered an established practice.

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

Service Delivery

The majority of included studies (9/14) investigated parent satisfaction of telehealth services. "All studies reported high levels of programme acceptability and parent satisfaction with the telehealth component of the intervention or assessment. In addition, two studies that involved direct telehealth involvement with individuals on the [autism] spectrum … reported high participant satisfaction" (p. 333).

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

"This review suggests there may be a range of benefits in using intervention using telehealth to individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] ASD, their families and teachers" (p. 335). Results indicated overall positive outcomes for intervention delivered via telehealth sessions. Due to low study quality, however, results for telehealth to provide diagnostic assessments suggested that telehealth for diagnostic assessments can not yet be considered an established practice.

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

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Screening

The majority of included studies (9/14) investigated parent satisfaction of telehealth services. "All studies reported high levels of programme acceptability and parent satisfaction with the telehealth component of the intervention or assessment. In addition, two studies that involved direct telehealth involvement with individuals on the [autism] spectrum … reported high participant satisfaction" (p. 333).

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

Assessment

The majority of included studies (9/14) investigated parent satisfaction of telehealth services. "All studies reported high levels of programme acceptability and parent satisfaction with the telehealth component of the intervention or assessment. In addition, two studies that involved direct telehealth involvement with individuals on the [autism] spectrum … reported high participant satisfaction" (p. 333).

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

"This review suggests there may be a range of benefits in using intervention using telehealth to individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] ASD, their families and teachers" (p. 335). Results indicated overall positive outcomes for intervention delivered via telehealth sessions. Due to low study quality, however, results for telehealth to provide diagnostic assessments suggested that telehealth for diagnostic assessments can not yet be considered an established practice.

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

Treatment

"This review suggests there may be a range of benefits in using intervention using telehealth to individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] ASD, their families and teachers" (p. 335). Results indicated overall positive outcomes for intervention delivered via telehealth sessions. Due to low study quality, however, results for telehealth to provide diagnostic assessments suggested that telehealth for diagnostic assessments can not yet be considered an established practice.

Keywords: Format, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication, Speech and Language

Notes on This Article

Associated Article

Telepractice in the Assessment and Treatment of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

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