Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Computer-Assisted Cognitive Interventions (CACIs)

Mahendra, N., Kim, E. S., et al. (2005).
Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 13(4), xxxv-xliv.
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Sponsoring Body

Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Sciences; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; Department of Veterans Affairs

Article Quality Ratings

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Indicators of Review Quality

  • Yes The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • Yes Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • Yes Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • No Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Quality Rating Notes

Inclusion criteria: The inclusion criteria are not fully described (authors only presented information about excluded studies).

Article Details

Description

This is a review of quantitative studies that investigated the use of computer-assisted cognitive interventions for persons with dementia. This review is part of a series of reports from the Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Science specific to the assessment and management of individuals with dementia.

Questions/Aims Addressed

  1. Who are the participants who received the computer-assisted cognitive interventions?
  2. What does a computer-assisted cognitive intervention consist of?
  3. What are the outcomes of computer-assisted cognitive interventions?
  4. What are key methodological concerns in implementing computer-assisted cognitive interventions?
  5. Are there clinically applicable trends across studies in which computer-assisted cognitive interventions were implemented?

Population

Individuals with the diagnosis of dementia

Intervention/Assessment

Computer-assisted cognitive treatments

Number of Studies Included

3

Years Included

1966-2002

Evidence Ratings for This Document

Classes of evidence are defined as follows: 
  • Class I: Evidence from one or more well-designed randomized controlled trial studies.
  • Class II: Evidence from one or more well designed observational studies (e.g. case-control studies, cohort studies).
  • Class III: Evidence from case series, case studies or expert opinion.

Conclusions from This Systematic Review

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Treatment

Findings suggest that individuals with mild to moderate dementia show improvements in specific cognitive tasks with computer-assisted treatments. Further studies are needed to strengthen the research base (Class II Evidence).

Keywords: Severity/Stage, Mild-Moderate/Early Stage, Cognitive-Communication, Computer-Based Treatments

Notes on This Article

Associated Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Montessori-Based Interventions
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Dementia: Educating Caregivers on Alzheimer's Disease and Training Communication Strategies
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations: Caregiver-Administered Active Cognitive Stimulation for Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Spaced-Retrieval Training
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Simulated Presence Therapy
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Group Reminiscence Therapy
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

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