Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Dementia Care Costs and Outcomes: A Systematic Review

Knapp, M., Iemmi, V., et al. (2012).
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(6), 551-561.
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Sponsoring Body

The Alzheimer's Society (United Kingdom)

Article Quality Ratings

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Indicators of Review Quality

  • No The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • No Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • N/A Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • No Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Article Details


This is a review of the cost-effectiveness of various prevention, care, and treatment strategies available for individuals with dementia. One section pertains to the use of cognitive stimulation therapy.

Questions/Aims Addressed

Question/aim not specifically stated


Individuals with dementia


Types of interventions covered in this review included:
  • pharmacological treatments
  • non-pharmacological treatments
  • caregiver-targeted interventions
  • organization of care and support

Number of Studies Included

85 total; 56 literature reviews; 29 single studies

Years Included

2000 to February 2011 (websites); 2005 to February 2011 (databases)

Conclusions from This Systematic Review

What are Conclusions?

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"Regarding non-pharmacological treatments, cognitive stimulation therapy, tailored activity programme and occupational therapy were found to be more cost-effective than usual care" (p. 557).

Keywords: Cognitive-Communication, Cognitive Stimulation

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