Summary of the Systematic Review
Dementia Care Costs and Outcomes: A Systematic Review
Knapp, M., Iemmi, V., et al. (2012).
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(6), 551-561.
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The Alzheimer's Society (United Kingdom)
Indicators of Review Quality
- No The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
- Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
- Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
- No Included studies are assessed for study quality.
- N/A Quality assessments are reproducible.
- No Characteristics of the included studies are provided.
This is a review of the cost-effectiveness of various prevention, care, and treatment strategies available for individuals with dementia. One section pertains to the use of cognitive stimulation therapy.
Question/aim not specifically stated
Individuals with dementia
Types of interventions covered in this review included:
- pharmacological treatments
- non-pharmacological treatments
- caregiver-targeted interventions
- organization of care and support
Number of Studies Included
85 total; 56 literature reviews; 29 single studies
2000 to February 2011 (websites); 2005 to February 2011 (databases)
Conclusions from This Systematic Review
What are Conclusions?
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"Regarding non-pharmacological treatments, cognitive stimulation therapy, tailored activity programme and occupational therapy were found to be more cost-effective than usual care" (p. 557).