Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Group Reminiscence Therapy

Kim, E. S., Cleary, S. J., et al. (2006).
Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 14(3), xxiii-xxxiv.
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Sponsoring Body

Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Sciences; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; Department of Veterans Affairs

Article Quality Ratings

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Indicators of Review Quality

  • Yes The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • Yes Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • Yes Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • Yes Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Article Details

Description

This is a review of randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, and repeated measure designs that investigated the effectiveness of group reminiscence therapy to improve functioning of individuals with dementia. This review is part of a series of reports from the Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Science specific to the assessment and management of individuals with dementia.

Questions/Aims Addressed

  1. What is the focus of the group reminiscence therapy studies?
  2. Who are the participants who received the group reminiscence therapy?
  3. What comprises the group reminiscence therapy?
  4. What are the outcomes of the group reminiscence therapy?
  5. What are key methodological concerns related to the group reminiscence therapy studies?
  6. Are there clinically applicable trends across the group reminiscence therapy studies?

Population

Individuals with the diagnosis of dementia or Alzheimer's disease

Intervention/Assessment

Group reminiscence therapy

Number of Studies Included

6

Years Included

1966-2002

Evidence Ratings for This Document

Classes of evidence are defined as follows: 
  • Class I: Evidence from one or more well-designed randomized controlled trial studies.
  • Class II: Evidence from one or more well designed observational studies (e.g. case-control studies, cohort studies).
  • Class III: Evidence from case series, case studies or expert opinion.

Conclusions from This Systematic Review

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Treatment

While all included studies had a number of methodological weaknesses, findings from six studies suggest that group reminiscence therapy may contribute to improved cognitive functioning and discourse of individuals with dementia. Additionally, it may contribute to improved quality of life (Class II Evidence).

Keywords: Format (Group/Telepractice), Group, Cognitive-Communication, Quality of Life, Reminiscence Therapy

Service Delivery

While all included studies had a number of methodological weaknesses, findings from six studies suggest that group reminiscence therapy may contribute to improved cognitive functioning and discourse of individuals with dementia. Additionally, it may contribute to improved quality of life (Class II Evidence).

Keywords: Format (Group/Telepractice), Group, Cognitive-Communication, Quality of Life, Reminiscence Therapy

Notes on This Article

Associated Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Montessori-Based Interventions
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Dementia: Educating Caregivers on Alzheimer's Disease and Training Communication Strategies
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations: Caregiver-Administered Active Cognitive Stimulation for Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Spaced-Retrieval Training
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Simulated Presence Therapy
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Computer-Assisted Cognitive Interventions (CACIs)
Read ASHA's Article Summary | Go to Article

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