Childhood Hearing Screening

American Academy of Audiology Task Force. (2011). Childhood hearing screening guidelines. Retrieved from

American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. (2013). Clinical practice guideline: Tympanostomy tubes in children. Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, 149(S1), S1-S35.

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2004). Otitis media with effusion. Pediatrics, 113(5), 1412-1429.

American National Standards Institute. (2003). Maximum permissible ambient noise levels for audiometric test rooms(Rev. ed.) (ANSI S3.1-1999). New York, NY: Author.

American National Standards Institute. (2010). Specification for audiometers (ANSI S3.6-2010). New York, NY: Author.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2006). Preferred Practice Patterns for the Profession of Audiology [Preferred practice patterns]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016a). Code of ethics [Ethics]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2016b). Scope of practice in speech-language pathology [Scope of practice]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2018). Scope of practice in audiology [Scope of practice]. Available from

Bhatia, P., Mintz, S., Hecht, B. F., Deavenport, A., & Kuo, A. A. (2013). Early identification of young children with hearing loss in federally qualified health centers. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 34(1), 15-21.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Summary of 2011 national EHDI data. Retrieved from

Eiserman, W. D., Shisler, L., Foust, T., Buhrmann, J., Winston, R., & White, K. (2008). Updating hearing screening practices in early childhood settings. Infants & Young Children, 21(3), 186-193.

Gorga, M. P., Neely, S. T., Ohlrich, B., Hoover, B., Redner, J., & Peters, J. (1997). From laboratory to clinic: A large scale study of distortion product otoacoustic emissions in ears with normal hearing and ears with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 18(6), 440-455.

Hagan, J. F., Shaw, J. S., & Duncan, P. M. (Eds.). (2008). Bright Futures: Guidelines for health supervision of infants, children, and adolescents(3rd ed.). Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Harlor, A. D., Jr., & Bower, C. (2009). Hearing assessment in infants and children: Recommendations beyond neonatal screening. Pediatrics, 124(4), 1252-1263.

Hussain, D. M., Gorga, M. P., Neely, S. T., Keefe, D. H., & Peters, J. (1998). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions in patients with normal hearing and in patients with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 19(6), 434-449.

Johnson, C. D., & Seaton, J. B. (2012). Educational Audiology Handbook(2nd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar.

Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. (2007). Year 2007 position statement: Principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention programs. Pediatrics, 120(4), 898-921.

Kreisman, B. M., Bevilacqua, E., Day, K., Kreisman, N. V., & Hall, J. W. (2013). Preschool hearing screenings: A comparison of distortion product otoacoustic emission and pure-tone protocols. Journal of Educational Audiology, 19,48-57.

Margolis, R. H., Bass-Ringdahl, S., Hanks, W. D., Holte, L., & Zapala, D. A. (2003). Tympanometry in newborn infants-1kHz norms. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 14(7), 383-392.

Meinke, D. K., & Dice, N. (2007). Comparison of audiometric screening criteria for the identification of noise-induced hearing loss in adolescents. American Journal of Audiology, 16,S190-S202.

Niskar, A. S., Kieszak, S. M., Holmes, A., Esteban, E., Rubin, C., & Brody, D. J. (1998). Prevalence of hearing loss among children 6 to 19 years of age. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279(14), 1071-1075.

Prieve, B. A., Schooling, T., Venediktov, R., & Franceschini, N. (2015). An evidence-based systematic review on the diagnostic accuracy of hearing screening instruments for preschool- and school-age children. American Journal of Audiology, 24,250-267.

Richburg, C. M., & Imhoff, L. (2008). Survey of hearing screeners: Training and protocols used in two distinct school systems. Journal of Educational Audiology, 14,31-46.

Rosenfeld, R. M., Culpepper, L., Doyle, K. J., Grundfast, K. M., Hoberman, A., Kenna, M. A., … Yawn, B. (2004). Clinical practice guideline: Otitis media with effusion. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 130(5), S95-S118.

Rosenfeld, R. M., & Kay, D. (2003). Natural history of untreated otitis media. The Laryngoscope, 113(10), 1645-1657.

Sekhar, D. L., Zalewski, T. R., Ghossaini, S. N., King, T. S., Rhoades, J. A., Czarnecki, B., … Paul, I. M. (2014). Pilot study of a high-frequency school-based hearing screen to detect adolescent hearing loss. Journal of Medical Screening, 21(1), 18-23.

Siegel, J. D., Rhinehart, E., Jackson, M., Chiarello, L., & the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. (2007). Guideline for isolation precautions: Preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings.Retrieved from

Stephenson, M. (2007). The effect of classroom sound field amplification and the effectiveness of otoacoustic emission hearing screening in school-age children. New Zealand Health Technology Assessment Technical Brief, 6(3), 1-60.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015a). Head Start Program Performance Standards; 45 CFR,§1304.20 (b)(1).Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015b). Head Start Program Performance Standards; 45 CFR,§1308.6 (b).Retrieved from

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