ASHA Web Site Search Tips
How to Refine Results
Refinements are categories which allow the ASHA search engine to display results corresponding to certain criteria (e.g. source and year). To apply a refinement, select any displayed grouping under the headings Source, ASHA Practice Policy, Year, Type, or Topic. Note: The number in parenthesis to the left of the grouping shows how many results fall under it.
For example, to display ASHA journal articles published in 2009 about swallowing, enter swallowing in the search box, select ASHA Journals in Source and 2009 in Year. You can also exclude a category by selecting the X next to the category.
Once you have refined your search, you can remove the refinement by selecting Clear next to the category.
Highlighting Search Terms in Results
Search results from selected sources allow you to view your search terms highlighted in the document; select Cached or Quick View below the description in the search result.
By default, the ASHA search engine finds pages that match all search terms in a query. Below are operators that can be used to conduct more specific searches.
|" term1 term2 "
||Phrase search-specifies that words should be adjacent
Finds pages containing this exact phrase
+ term (with no
space between +
and the term)
|Requires a term
Finds only pages that contain children
|- term (with no
space between -
and the term)
|Excludes documents containing a term
Finds pages that do not include adults
|term1 OR term2
||Finds pages that contain at least one of the terms
screening OR testing
Finds pages that contain either screening or testing
|term1 NOT term2
||Finds pages that contain the first term but not the second
fees NOT fiberoptic
Finds pages that include fees but not fiberoptic
|term1 NEAR term2
||Finds pages that contain the two terms no more than ten terms apart. It is possible to specify how close the terms must be (from 1 to 10 terms apart) by using NEAR: n
caseload NEAR:5 model
Finds pages that contain caseload and model no more than 5 terms apart