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EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review

Institute of Education Sciences
Tools of the Mind

IES What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided No
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication No
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible Yes

Description: This is a systematic review of studies meeting the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards regarding the effectiveness of the Tools of the Mind program to improve oral language and executive function skills for preschool and kindergarten children. The effectiveness of the intervention was categorized as Meets Evidence Standards, Meets Evidence Standards with Reservation or Does Not Meet Evidence Standard based on the WWC classification system. Well-designed randomized controlled trials are considered strong evidence (Meets Evidence Standards), quasi-experimental studies are considered weaker evidence (Meets Evidence Standards with Reservations) and single-case design studies are considered insufficient evidence or under development (Does Not Meet Evidence Standards).

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specifically stated.

Population: Preschool and kindergarten children

Intervention/Assessment: Tools of the Mind

Number of Studies Included: 1

Years Included: Not stated



  • Treatment
    • Cognition-Communication
      • Executive Function - One study was included in this review which met WWC evidence standards. The results of the study indicate that no significant effects on oral language, print knowledge, cognition, or math were found after using Tools of the Mind.

Keywords: Cognition, Executive Function

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Added to Compendium: March 2012

ASHA Corporate Partners