American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review


Use of Preferred Music to Decrease Agitated Behaviours in Older People with Dementia: A Review of the Literature

Sung, H. C., & Chang, A. M. (2005).
Journal of Clinical Nursing, 14(9), 1133-1140.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided Yes
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible No

Description: This is a systematic review of intervention studies exploring the use of preferred music on agitated behaviors for individuals with dementia. Although limited by the small number of studies and participants, the findings suggest a positive impact of music in reducing agitated behaviours in individuals with dementia.

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specifically stated.

Population: People with dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

Intervention/Assessment: Intervention studies of preferred or individualized music.

Number of Studies Included: 8

Years Included: 1993 - 2005

Findings:

Conclusions:

Preferred music is considered to have the potential to reduce agitated behaviors and may be more cost-efficient than interventions involving chemicals or physical restraint. Additional research with improved methodological quality is needed to fully establish the effectiveness of preferred music.

Keywords: Dementia

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Added to Compendium: March 2012

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