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EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review

Grant from the National Health Medical Research Council Australia
Investigation of Factors Related to Employment Outcome Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Critical Review and Conceptual Model

Ownsworth, T., & McKenna, K. (2004).
Disability and Rehabilitation, 26(13), 765-784.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided Yes
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible No

Description: This is a systematic review of studies which measure variables associated with employment outcomes for individuals following traumatic brain injury.

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specfically stated.

Population: Adults (implied) with traumatic brain injury (TBI); patients with mixed etiology were excluded.

Intervention/Assessment: Not applicable

Number of Studies Included: 50

Years Included: 1980 - 2003



  • "The factors most consistently associated with employment outcome included pre-injury occupational status, functional status at discharge, global cognitive functioning, perceptual ability, executive functioning, involvement in vocational rehabilitation services and emotional status" (Abstract).
  • A conceptual model of factors related to employment outcomes and interventions for improving employment potential following TBI is presented.

Keywords: Brain Injury

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Added to Compendium: January 2012

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