American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Tracheotomy References and Resources

Bonanno, P. C. (1971). Swallowing dysfunction after tracheostomy. Annals of Surgery, 174, 29–33.

Dikeman, K. J., & Kazandjian, M. S. (1995). Communication and swallowing management of tracheostomized and ventilator-dependent adults. San Diego, CA: Singular.

Gross, R. D., Steinhauer, K. M., Zajac, D. J., & Weissler, M. C. (2006). Direct measurement of subglottic air pressure while swallowing. The Laryngoscope, 116, 753–761.

Kost, K. M. (2008). Tracheostomy in the intensive care setting. In E. Meyers & J. Johnson (Eds.), Tracheotomy: Airway management, communication, and swallowing (2nd ed., pp. 83–116). San Diego, CA: Plural.

Leder, S. B., & Ross, D. A. (2010). Confirmation of no causal relationship between tracheotomy and aspiration status: A direct replication study. Dysphagia, 25, 35–39.

Leder, S. B. (1999). Effect of a one-way tracheotomy speaking valve on the incidence of aspiration in previously aspirating patients with tracheotomy. Dysphagia, 14, 73–77.

Murray, J., Langmore, S. E., Ginsberg, S., & Dostie, A. (1996). The significance of accumulated oropharyngeal secretions and swallowing frequency in predicting aspiration. Dysphagia, 11, 99–103.

Suiter, D. M., McCullough, G. H., & Powell, P. W. (2003). Effects of cuff deflation and one-way tracheostomy speaking valve placement on swallow physiology. Dysphagia, 18, 284–292.

Terk, A. R., Leder, S. B., & Burrell, M. I. (2007). Hyoid bone and laryngeal movement dependent upon presence of a tracheotomy tube. Dysphagia, 22, 89–93.

Additional Resources

Blue dye in the evaluation of dysphagia: Is it safe?

Patients requiring tracheostomy and mechanical ventilation [Glossary; PDF]

Managing adults with tracheostomies and ventilator-dependence

Flow chart for the assessment and treatment planning for patients requiring a tracheostomy tube or mechanical ventilation

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