You do not have JavaScript Enabled on this browser. Please enable it in order to use the full functionality of our website. Newborn Infant Hearing Screening: References

Newborn Hearing Screening

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2004). Scope of practice in audiology [Scope of practice]. Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2010).  Code of ethics [Ethics].  Available from

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2013). Expert panel recommendations on newborn hearing screening.

Beauchaine, K., & Hoffman, J. (2008). Adding pediatrics to your audiology practice [Web/telephone seminar]. ASHA Professional Development program available through July 24, 2009, from

Berg, A. L., Prieve, B. A., Serpanos, Y. C., & Wheaton, M. A. (2011). Hearing screening in a well-infant nursery: Profile of automated ABR-fail/OAE-pass. Pediatrics, 27(2), 269–275.

Berg, A. L, Spitzer, J. B., Towers, H. M., Bartosiewicz, C., & Diamond, B. E. (2005). Newborn hearing screening in the NICU: Profile of failed auditory brainstem response/passed otoacoustic emission. Pediatrics, 116(4), 933–938.

Berge, P.H. (1992). Setting limits on involuntary HIV antibody testing under Rule 35 and state independent medical examination statutes. Florida Law Review, 44(4), 767–805.

Beswick, R., Driscoll, C., & Kei, J. (2012). Monitoring for postnatal hearing loss using risk factors: A systematic literature review. Ear and Hearing, 33, 746–756.

Bolyard, E. A., Tablan, O. C., Williams, W. W., Pearson, M. L., Shapiro, C. N., & Deithman, S. D. (1998). Guideline for infection control in health care personnel. American Journal of Infection Control, 26(3), 289–354.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Guide to infection prevention in outpatient settings: Minimum expectations for safe care. Retrieved on April 15, 2013, from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Summary of 2011 national EHDI data. Retrieved from

Clayton, E. W. (1992). Issues in state newborn screening programs. Pediatrics, 90(4), 641–646.

D'Agostino, J. A., & Austin, L. (2004). Auditory neuropathy: A potentially under-recognized neonatal intensive care unit sequela. Advanced Neonatal Care, 4, 344–353.

Fleischman, A. R., Post, L. F., & Dubler, N. N. (1994). Mandatory newborn screening for human immunodeficiency virus. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 71(1), 4–17.

Gravel, J. S., White, K. R., Johnson, J. L., Widen, J. E., Vohr, B. R., James, M., … Meyer, S. (2005). A multisite study to examine the efficacy of the otoacoustic emission/automated auditory brainstem response newborn hearing screening protocol: Recommendations for policy, practice, and research. American Journal of Audiology, 14(2), S217–S228.

Harlor, Jr., A. D. B., & Bower, C. (2009). Hearing assessment in infants and children: Recommendations beyond neonatal screening. Pediatrics, 124(4), 1252–1263.

Houston, K. T., Behl, D., & White, K. (2008). EHDI challenges and strategies in addressing privacy regulations. Presentation retrieved July 21, 2008, from

Health Resources and Services Administration (2009). Enhancing communication: Improving care for infants with hearing loss. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Hussain, D. M, Gorga, M. P., Neely, S. T., Keefe, D. H., & Peters, J. (1998). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions in patients with normal hearing and in patients with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 19(6), 434–449.

Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). (2007). Neonatal screening for early detection of hearing impairment (Final Report S05-01). Cologne, Germany: Author.

Johnson, J., White, K., Widen, J., Gravel, J., James, M., Kennalley, T., … Holstrum, J. (2005). A multicenter evaluation of how many infants with permanent hearing loss pass a two-stage otoacoustic emissions/automated auditory brainstem response newborn hearing screening protocol. Pediatrics, 116(3), 663–672.

Johnson, K., Lloyd-Puryear, M. A., Mann, M. Y., Ramos, L. R., & Therrell, B. L. (2006). Financing state newborn screening programs: Sources and uses of funds. Pediatrics, 117, (5, Pt. 2), S270–S279.

Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. (2007). Year 2007 position statement: Principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention programs. Pediatrics, 120(4), 898–921.

Kirkim, G., Serbetcioglu, B., Erdag, T. K., & Ceryan, K. (2008). The frequency of auditory neuropathy detected by universal newborn hearing screening program. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 72(10), 1461–1469.

Merlin, T. Hedayati, H., Sullivan, T., Buckley, L., Newton, S., Hodgkinson, B., … Hiller, J. (2007). Universal neonatal hearing screening. Adelaide: Adelaide Health Technology Assessment (AHTA), MSAC reference 17 Assessment Report.

Nelson, H., Bougatsos, C., & Nygren, N. (2008). Universal newborn hearing screening: Systematic review to update the 2001 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation. Pediatrics, 122, e266–e276.

New York State Department of Health, Early Intervention Program. (2007). Clinical practice guideline: Report of the recommendations. Hearing loss,assessment and intervention for young children (age 0-3 years). New York State Department of Health Publication No. 4967. Albany, NY: Author.

Norton, S. J., Gorga, M. P., Widen, J. E., Folsom, R. C., Sininger, Y., Cone-Wesson, B., … Fletcher, K. (2000). Identification of neonatal hearing impairment: Evaluation of transient evoked otoacoustic emission, distortion product otoacoustic emission, and auditory brain stem response test performance. Ear and Hearing, 21(5), 508–528.

Russ, S. A., Hanna, D., DesGeorges, J., & Forsman, I. (2010). Improving follow-up to newborn hearing screening: A learning-collaborative experience. Pediatrics, 126, S59–S69.

Siegel, J. D., Rhinehart, E., Jackson, M., Chiarello, L., & Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. (2007). Guideline for isolation precautions: Preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings. Retrieved from [PDF].

Surprenant, K. (2006). How HIPAA and FERPA affect the provision of EHDI services [Webcast]. Retrieved July 24, 2008, from

Trinidad-Ramos G., de Aguilar V. A., Juadenes-Casaubon C., Nunez-Batalla, F., & Sequi-Canet, J. (2010). Early hearing detection and intervention: 2010 CODEPEH recommendation. Acta Otorrinolaringol Espana, 61(1), 69–77.

Turchetta R., Orlando, M. P., Cammeresi, M. G., Altissimi, G.,Celani, T.,Mazzei, F., … Cianfrone, G. (2012). Modifications of auditory brainstem responses (ABR): Observations in full-term and pre-term newborns. The Journal of Maternal- Fetal Neonatal Medicine, 8, 1342–1347.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2008). Universal screening for hearing loss in newborns: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Pediatrics, 122, 143–148.

Vohr, B.R. , Oh, W., Stewart, E. J., Bentkover, J. D., Gabbard, S., Lemons, J., … Pye, R. (2001). Comparison of costs and referral rates of 3 universal newborn hearing screening protocols. Journal of Pediatrics, 139(2), 238–244.

Wolff, R., Hommerich, J., Riemsma, R., Antes, G., Lange, S., & Kleijnen, J. (2010). Hearing screening in newborns: Systematic review of accuracy, effectiveness, and effects of interventions after screening. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(2), 130–135.

Wood, S., Foley, R., Minchom, S., Parker, G., Robertson, H., & Sirimanna, T. (2010). Newborn hearing screening and assessment: Guidelines for surveillance and audiologic monitoring of infants and children following the newborn hearing screen. In G. Sutton (Ed.), England: National health service antenatal and newborn screening programmes.

Yoshinaga-Itano, C., DeConde Johnson, C., Carpenter, K., & Stredler Brown, A. (2008). Outcomes of children with mild bilateral hearing loss and unilateral hearing loss. Seminars in Hearing, 29(2), 96–211.

Content Disclaimer: The Practice Portal, ASHA policy documents, and guidelines contain information for use in all settings; however, members must consider all applicable local, state and federal requirements when applying the information in their specific work setting.