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Caseload and Workload

ASHA Resources

Advocacy in Action: A State Model of Change

Advocating for Change

Eligibility and Dismissal Criteria Including "Adverse Affect"

Frequently Asked Questions: Caseload and Workload

IDEA Influence

Implementation Guide: A Workload Analysis Approach for Establishing Speech-Language Caseload Standards in the Schools

RTI in Action: Oral Language Activities for K–2 Classrooms

RTI in Action, Grades 3–5: Oral and Written Language Actitivities for the Common Core State Standards

State Guidebook for the Salary Supplement Initiative

SIG 16’s Perspectives

Examples and Worksheets for the Workload Analysis Approach

Caseload Resources

Frequently Asked Questions

Workload Approach:  A Paradigm Shift for Positive Impact on Student Outcomes [PDF] - A Joint Statement from The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), Inc.; American Physical Therapy Association (APTA); and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).

Workload Approach: A Paradigm Shift for Positive Impact on Student Outcomes, A joint video presentation by AOTA, APTA, ASHA (2014).

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2000). National data report 1999–2000: National Outcomes Measurement System. Rockville, MD: Author.

Cirrin, F., Bird, A., Biehl, L., Disney, S., Estomin, E., Rudebusch, J. Schraeder, T., & Whitmire, K. (2003). Speech-language caseloads in the schools: A workload analysis approach to setting caseload standards. Seminars in Speech and Language, 24(3), 155–180.

Texas Speech Language Hearing Association. (2010). Implementation guidelines for speech impairment with a fluency disorder. Available from [PDF].

Texas Speech Language Hearing Association. (2010).Implementation guidelines for speech impairment with an articulation disorder: Cultural & linguistic diversity (CLD) companion. Retrieved from [PDF, 9.1MB].

Additional Resources

U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.). Special education programs. Available from

Wrightslaw (n.d.). Special education and advocacy. Available from

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