American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Tips for Developing Your Presentation

Introduction | Background | Conclusion/Summary | Additional Tips

Introduction

  • Introduce the content, and catch the attention of your audience immediately.
  • Provide the intended benefits, organization, and ground rules of presentation.
  • Include an agenda and goals for the presentation.
  • Establish credibility and expectations.
  • Consider asking attendees to take a moment to introduce themselves to the people sitting next to them (this will foster interaction both during and after your session). 

Questions a Good Introduction Will Answer:

  • What? An overview of the presentation.
  • Why? The purpose of the presentation.
  • How? The format you will use, and what the audience can expect to see and learn.
  • Who? Introduce yourself and your collaborators.
  • What is the problem and why is it a problem?
  • What has been done about it before?
  • What is the presenter doing (or done) about it?
  • What additional value does the presenter's approach provide?
  • Where do we go from here?
  • What is the purpose of your presentation?
  • What is the goal of your presentation?
  • What is your main message?
  • What is in it for the audience?

Background

  • Provide any background information necessary to ensure the understanding of key points.
  • Place your topics in context.
  • Key points:
    • Identify your priority topics and refer to your advertised abstract and learner outcomes.
    • Present each key point as an "argument"; and share the largest, latest, or most important data.
    • Create a list of the five key points that should be remembered; under each main topic, write out the main message you want to convey.
    • Organize points from most to least important. 
    • Determine your supporting data to reinforce those points (evidence).

Conclusion/Summary

  • Draw conclusions:
    • Where are we?
    • What does it all mean?
    • What do we do now?
  • Summarize your presentation:
    • Review, highlight, and emphasize three to five key points.
    • Make a call to action.
    • Reconvey your key message/s.
    • Acknowledge collaborators.
    • Thank your audience.

Additional Tips

  • Information should be concrete, specific, practical, and relevant.
  • Candidly include pros and cons.
  • Attendees typically remember groups of three ideas/points.

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