Certification Standards for Speech-Language Pathology Frequently Asked Questions: Clinical Practicum
2005 SLP Certification Standards
How much practicum must be completed for ASHA certification under the current standards?
Applicants for certification under the current standards will be required to complete a minimum of 400 clock hours of supervised clinical experience. At least 25 hours must have been spent in clinical observation and at least 375 clock hours must have been spent in direct client/patient contact.
How many minutes are in a clock hour or clinical practicum hour?
The Council for Clinical Certification in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (CFCC) defines 1 clinical practicum hour as equal to 60 minutes. When counting clinical practicum hours for purposes of ASHA certification, experiences/sessions that total less than 60 minutes (e.g., 45 minutes or 50 minutes) cannot be rounded up to count as 1 hour.
What activities will count toward the 375 clock hours in direct client/patient contact?
Only direct contact with the client or the client's family in assessment, management, and/or counseling can be counted toward the practicum requirement.
How many clock hours have to be completed at the graduate level?
A minimum of 325 clock hours of clinical practicum must be completed at the graduate level.
Is there a breakdown of practicum hours for the various disorder categories?
The standards do not specify a particular number of hours in different categories. Programs may determine the number of hours they will require and licensure boards may require a specific number of hours in different categories. Students must be aware of the various requirements so that they will be able to meet the standards of these various entities.
Are there requirements for a certain amount of hours in the area of audiology?
No. For ASHA certification, activities must be within the scope of practice of speech-language pathology to meet the requirements. But as noted above, programs and state regulatory agencies may have requirements that differ from the ASHA certification standards.
What are the supervision requirements?
As is stated in the implementation language for Standard IV-E, supervision must be in real time and must never be less than 25% of the student's total contact with each client/patient. Supervision must take place periodically throughout the practicum experience.
Who can supervise the clinical practicum?
Only individual holding current ASHA certification in speech-language pathology may supervise the observation and clinical practicum hours required for ASHA certification. (See Standard IV-C.) Other appropriate individuals, as determined by the graduate program, may supervise hours that are acquired beyond the ASHA certification requirements. The graduate program may use the input of these individuals in assessing the student's acquisition of knowledge and skills in particular areas.
What must be included in supervision?
Supervision must include direct observation, guidance, and feedback to permit the student to monitor, evaluate, improve performance, and develop clinical competence.