Minnesota Hearing Screening Requirements for Newborns and School-Aged Children
The following information summarizes hearing screening programs for newborns and school-aged children.
The information has been collected by researching individual state statutes, regulations, policy documents, and by contacting each state. The information is reviewed on an annual basis. Please be advised that regulations and policy may change at any time, so always check with your state for the most up-to-date information.
All hospitals shall establish an early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) program. Each EHDI program shall test the newborn's hearing prior to discharge, or, if the newborn is expected to remain in the hospital for a prolonged period, testing shall be performed prior to three months of age or when medically feasible.
The commissioner shall contract with a nonprofit organization to provide support and assistance to families with children who are deaf or have a hearing loss. The family support provided must include direct parent-to-parent assistance and information on communication, educational, and medical options. The commissioner shall give preference to a nonprofit organization that has the ability to provide these services throughout the state.
Each EHDI program shall develop policies and procedures for screening and rescreening based on Department of Health recommendations; provide appropriate training and monitoring of individuals responsible for performing hearing screening tests as recommended by the Department of Health; and inform the newborn's or infant's parents or parent, primary care physician, and the Department of Health according to recommendations of the Department of Health of the results of the hearing screening test or rescreening if conducted, or if the newborn or infant was not successfully tested. The hospital that discharges the newborn or infant to home is responsible for the screening.
Each EHDI program shall collect performance data specified by the Department of Health and develop and implement procedures for documenting the results of all hearing screening tests.
Before school entrance, targeting children who are between three and four years old.
Who Can Screen
A school board may contract with or purchase service from an approved early developmental screening program in the area. Developmental screening must be conducted by either an individual who is licensed as, or has training that is similar to a special education teacher, school psychologist, kindergarten teacher, pre-kindergarten teacher, school nurse, public health nurse, registered nurse, or physician. The individual may be a volunteer.
Training for Screeners
Training for screeners is not addressed by laws/regulations.
Type of Testing
Type of testing is not addressed by laws/regulations.
Equipment standards are not addressed by laws/regulations.
Follow-up Protocols & Documentation
If any child's screening indicates a condition which requires diagnosis or treatment, the child's parents shall be notified of the condition and the board shall ensure that an appropriate follow-up and referral process is available.
For further information on hearing screening requirements, visit these websites:
Questions regarding state advocacy issues? Call ASHA at 800-498-2071 and ask for the State Advocacy Team.