It may matter learning-wise if preschoolers are exposed to e-books as opposed to traditional books, according to researchers who will present their findings during the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Annual Convention in Philadelphia this week.
ASHA member Linda Crowe and her co-presenterswill discuss their findings regarding differing behaviors by both the teachers and students. For instance, the teachers were shown to use more oral and literate language when reading from a traditional book. The children appeared more socially engaged and participated in more communicative exchanges with traditional books.
Electronic books promoted more independence among the children than traditional books and the teachers were not able to engage the children in a typical book-reading experience, perhaps due to the children's interest in the electronic device.
"These results must be viewed with caution, as the sample size was small. However, for the toddlers in this study, the e-books elicited primarily exploratory, play behaviors and little typical book-reading interactions," Crowe says. "One may conclude that e-books appear more appropriate for a child's independent exploration and not as conducive to a shared book-reading environment. If e-books are selected for young children, a balance of traditional joint reading opportunities and independent e-book reading activities should be considered."
The researchers will discuss their findings on Friday, November 19, at 8:00 a.m. in Hall C at the Pennsylvania Convention Center (Teachers' and Toddlers' Language Differences During Traditional and E-book Reading, Session 1743, Poster Board 262).
Their presentation is part of ASHA's Annual Convention, which begins November 18 at the Pennsylvania Convention Center. The Convention will feature 3 days of workshops, paper sessions, poster presentations, and the Keynote Session by Nancy Goodman Brinker (Founder of the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation),plus the Annie Glenn Award, which will be given to performing artist and "New Kid On The Block" Joey McIntyre. The Convention runs through Saturday, November 20.
These important findings are one example of the research being discussed during ASHA's Annual Convention. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists, as well as other speech, language, and hearing scientists, gather every year at ASHA's Convention to share their research with their colleagues. This sharing of information results in better care for the people they serve.
About the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
ASHA is the national professional, scientific, and credentialing association for more than 140,000 audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists. Audiologists specialize in preventing and assessing hearing and balance disorders as well as providing audiologic treatment including hearing aids. Speech-language pathologists identify, assess, and treat speech and language problems including swallowing disorders.